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MËSIMI I PARË - LESSON 1


THE LETTERS OF THE ALBANIAN ALPHABET AND THEIR PRONUNCIATION
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The Albanian language uses the Latin alphabet. There are 36 letters that correspond to the 36 sounds (7 vowels and 29 consonants). Unlike many European languages, Albanian words have no silent letters and letters are only pronounced one way. The correct pronunciation of the letters, therefore, provides the right pronunciation of the words.

The letters of the Albanian alphabet are:

Shkronjat e alfabetit së gjuhës Shqipe janë:

A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, DH dh, E e, Ë ë,

F f, G g, GJ gj, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, LL ll,

M m, N n, NJ nj, O o, P p, Q q, R r, RR rr,

S s, SH sh, T t, TH th, U u, V v, X x, XH xh, Y y, Z z, ZH zh.

l. THE PRONUNCIATION OF VOWELS

The vowels a, e, ë, i, o, u, y are pronounced like their English equivalents in the following words:

a - babà (father) - like the a in father,

e - metal (metal) - like the e in technique,

ë - nënë (mother) - like the u in nurse or like the e in father,

i - mìrë (good)- like the ee in sleep,

o - opera (opera)- like the o in port,

u - frut (fruit) - like the oo in food,

y - i dytë (second) - approximately like u in avenue (French u).



2. THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE CONSONANTS

The consonants b, c, ç, d, dh, f, g, gj, h, j, k, l, ll, m, n, nj, p, q, r,

rr, s, sh, t, th, v, x, xh, z , zh in most cases are pronounced like their English equivalents in these words:

b - babà (father) - like b in ballad,

c - cigà re (cigarette) - like ts in tsar,

ç - çaj (tea) - like ch in much,

d - dà jë (uncle) - like d in detail,

dh - dhòmë (room) - like th in their,

f - fabrìkë (factory) - like f in false,

g - gur (stone), - like g in game,

gj - gjùhë (language) - there is no sound like this in English, but you can pronounce it like gi in give.

h - hà rtë (map) - like h in hard,

j - jètë (life) - like y in yacht,

k - karvà n (convoy) - like c in camera,

l - legjèndë (legend) - like l in liver,

ll - llotarì (lottery) - like ll in hill,

m - mamà (mother) - like m in match,

n - normà l (normaly) - like n in nurse,

nj - njerì (men) - like ni- or ny- in onion or canyon,

p - partì (party) - like p in partner,

q - qà rtë (clearly) - there is no sound like this in English, but you can pronounce it like cky (kj) in stockyard or ch in chair.

r - reaksiòn (reaction) - like r in robot,

rr - rròtë ( wheel) - like rr in "hurrah,"

s - sandà le (sandal) - like s in side,

sh - shkòllë (school) - like sh in shop,

t - titull (title) - like t in time,

th - thùa (nail) - like th in thief,

v - vèrë (summer) - like v in vague,

z - zèmër (heart) - like z in zenith,

zh - zhùrmë (noise) - like s in vision,

x - nxënës (pupil) - like z in zebra ,

xh - xhakètë (jacket) - like j in jolly.

Usually the accent falls on the next-to-the-last syllable and remains unchangeable, for example: shkòllë (school), zèmër (heart), jètë (life), tìtull (title), vèrë (summer).


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